Affection for Durians Are Hurting the Environment
Affection for Durians Are Hurting the Environment
  • 강인철 기자
  • 승인 2019.09.05 09:00
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(Infographic = By reporter, Kang In-cheol) A circular trap of durian
(Infographic = By reporter, Kang In-cheol) A circular trap of durian

A durian is an unusual fruit. The durian is a tropical fruit that emits volatile fragrances and it is prickly. The average weight for the durian varies from 1 to 3 kilograms. It is more than meets the eye, but it also has both a nasty smell and a taste of heaven. The sweetness of the durian absolutely captivates the taste buds of people in Southeast Asia. Recently, affection for China’s durian fruit is increasing more and more. The rate of durian exports from Malaysia to China are soaring. Malaysia is now facing a serious crisis as a result. Forests in Malaysia are being destroyed because of the efforts to produce many more durians.

In Malaysia there are over 100 various types of durians which include the Musang King, D24, D9, XO, D88, D101, D2, and D96. When Seowon University students visit Southeast Asia, they usually taste Musang King. Musang King is the best tasting variety but it is also expensive. Durian is a high-calorie fruit which helps to restore strength because it has a tonic effect. The best way to choose the tasty durian is to choose the hardest and stinkiest one. A very ripe durian will split open easily.

Malaysia has serious problems with increasing demands in China. First, the forests are being destroyed in Malaysia. In the past, most of the plantations that cultivated durians used a fallow-rotation system in Malaysia before China’s boom. However, durians are now cultivated in large million acre areas after a changeover to large scale farms for high output. The forests are now being destroyed in Raub Pahang.

Another negative side effect is the damage to the Malayan tigers population which is a highly endangered animal. The Malayan tigers are declining because the durian’s popularity is resulting in deforestation, destroying the Malayan tigers’ home. Today, the number of Malayan tigers in Malaysia, total just under 300. The massive development projects for conducting large scale farms are causing serious danger to the survival of the tigers. Malaysia's government has set up an objective for continually increasing the tigers' population until 2020. However, the development projects are being proposed by Malaysia’s government. More Chinese are looking for the tasty durians. Malaysia's greatest durian has risen in price by over 30 percent for the past 2 years. The scale of imports into China has increased by 26 percent. In 2016, China imported the durian by $1.1 billion.

The durian problems differ from environmental problems which include air pollution, ozone layer destruction, global warming, etc. It could be more dangerous than we know. Seowon University students must be aware that the durian problems can also be an environmental issue. 

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